Addiction: Current Criticism of the Brain Disease Paradigm

Hammer, Rachel, Dingel, Molly, Ostergren, Jenny, Partridge, Brad, McCormick, Jennifer and Koenig, Barbara A. (2013) Addiction: Current Criticism of the Brain Disease Paradigm. AJOB Neuroscience, 4 3: 27-32. doi:10.1080/21507740.2013.796328

Author Hammer, Rachel
Dingel, Molly
Ostergren, Jenny
Partridge, Brad
McCormick, Jennifer
Koenig, Barbara A.
Title Addiction: Current Criticism of the Brain Disease Paradigm
Journal name AJOB Neuroscience   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2150-7740
Publication date 2013
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/21507740.2013.796328
Volume 4
Issue 3
Start page 27
End page 32
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Taylor and Francis Inc.
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subject 2800 Neuroscience
Abstract To deepen understanding of efforts to consider addiction a "brain disease," we review critical appraisals of the disease model in conjunction with responses from in-depth semistructured stakeholder interviews with (1) patients in treatment for addiction and (2) addiction scientists. Sixty-three patients (from five alcohol and/or nicotine treatment centers in the Midwest) and 20 addiction scientists (representing genetic, molecular, behavioral, and epidemiologic research) were asked to describe their understanding of addiction, including whether they considered addiction to be a disease. To examine the NIDA brain disease paradigm, our approach includes a review of current criticism from the literature, enhanced by the voices of key stakeholders. Many argue that framing addiction as a disease will enhance therapeutic outcomes and allay moral stigma. We conclude that it is not necessary, and may be harmful, to frame addiction as a disease.
Keyword Addiction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2014 Collection
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 14 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 17:30:13 EST by System User on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research