Severe impact of the 1918-19 pandemic influenza in a national military force

Summers, Jennifer A., Shanks, G. Dennis, Baker, Michael G. and Wilson, Nick (2013) Severe impact of the 1918-19 pandemic influenza in a national military force. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126 1378: 36-47.

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Author Summers, Jennifer A.
Shanks, G. Dennis
Baker, Michael G.
Wilson, Nick
Title Severe impact of the 1918-19 pandemic influenza in a national military force
Journal name New Zealand Medical Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-8446
Publication date 2013
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 126
Issue 1378
Start page 36
End page 47
Total pages 12
Place of publication Christchurch, New Zealand
Publisher New Zealand Medical Association
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subject 2700 Medicine
Abstract The impact of pandemic influenza on the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) in 1918-19 has never been studied using modern epidemiological methods. Therefore we analysed mortality and descriptive data from various sources for these military personnel. An estimated 930 NZEF personnel deaths from pandemic influenza occurred in 1918-19, making it the main cause of disease deaths, and representing 5.1% of all NZEF deaths from World War One (WW1). The epidemic curve was much more drawn out in the Northern Hemisphere compared with the Southern Hemisphere. Mortality rates varied markedly by setting (e.g. in military camps, by country and by hemisphere). Significantly higher mortality rates were found amongst NZEF personnel: aged 30-34 years, those of Māori ethnicity, those with a rural background, and those who left New Zealand for Europe in 1918. In conclusion, this work documents the heavy mortality burden from pandemic influenza amongst this national military force and highlights the large variations in mortality rates through host and environmental factors.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 17:22:44 EST by System User on behalf of School of Public Health