Performance experiments of rotary cage atomizer for biological pesticide application

Zhang, Huichun, Zheng, Jiaqiang, Zhou, Hongping, Song, Wei and Ge, Yufeng (2013) Performance experiments of rotary cage atomizer for biological pesticide application. Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao, 29 4: 63-70. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.04.008

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Author Zhang, Huichun
Zheng, Jiaqiang
Zhou, Hongping
Song, Wei
Ge, Yufeng
Title Performance experiments of rotary cage atomizer for biological pesticide application
Translated title Performance experiments of rotary cage atomizer for biological pesticide application
Language of Title eng
Journal name Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao
Translated journal name Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering
Language of Journal Name eng
ISSN 1002-6819
Publication date 2013-04
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.04.008
Open Access Status
Volume 29
Issue 4
Start page 63
End page 70
Total pages 8
Place of publication Beijing, China
Publisher Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering / Zhongguo Nongye Gongcheng Xuehui
Collection year 2014
Language chi
Abstract To combat plant pests and diseases, spraying pesticide is an efficient and timely control method. The increasing use of a wide range of toxic chemical pesticides deliberately released into the environment can cause important problems such as human health threats, bioaccumulation and pest resistance, and soil and groundwater pollution. In response to concerns about the effects of chemical pesticides on environments and human health, there have been significant interests in biological pesticide technology with low toxicity, less residue, and reduced pest resistance. Biopesticide technology is limited in real applications, due to the lack of appropriate sprayer and standard technology. In this paper, a rotary cage atomizer for biopesticide was developed. The influence of biopesticide atomizer structure (cage diameter and cage mesh number), operational parameters (flow rate and rotational speed), and liquid types (bacillus thuringiensis and beauveria bassiana) on atomization performance and biopesticide application efficacy was investigated using PIV and a Winner laser diffraction particle analyzer. The pattern of liquid inlet was fixed experimentally by the droplet's flow field uniformity. The impacts of individual factors on droplet size were analyzed using a T-test to eliminate inter-correlation among the variables of interest. A multiple linear regression model, which predicted the volume median diameters (VMD), was established. The model showed a high degree of correlation with the experimental results. The model took into account not only the cage diameter, but its number of cage meshes, the liquid flow rate, and rotational speed of the cage. Furthermore, a histogram and normal P-P plot of standardized residuals were used to assess the model's goodness-of-fit and the measured data were also analyzed to prove model fitness and feasibility. Finally, the optimal combination of biopesticide rotary atomizer structure and operational parameters was implemented. The results indicated that the cage atomizer's liquid inlet of bilateral symmetry is better than the unilateral pattern to improve the distribution uniformity of droplets. The rotational speed of the rotary cage atomizer should not be too high to maintain the viability and infectivity of biopesticides. Results from this paper provide a case study showing how to spray biopesticide to treat plant pests and diseases effectively by using proper sciences and technologies.
Keyword Biological activity
Flow field
Pest control
Rotary cage atomizer
Volume diameter
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Abstract only in English

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Science Publications
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 14:48:25 EST by System User on behalf of Faculty of Science