Similarities and differences in implicit personality concepts across ethnocultural groups in South Africa

Valchev, Velichko H., Nel, J. Alewyn, van de Vijver, Fons J. R., Meiring, Deon, de Bruin, Gideon P. and Rothmann, Sebastiaan (2013) Similarities and differences in implicit personality concepts across ethnocultural groups in South Africa. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44 3: 365-388. doi:10.1177/0022022112443856


Author Valchev, Velichko H.
Nel, J. Alewyn
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Meiring, Deon
de Bruin, Gideon P.
Rothmann, Sebastiaan
Title Similarities and differences in implicit personality concepts across ethnocultural groups in South Africa
Journal name Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0221
1552-5422
Publication date 2013
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0022022112443856
Open Access Status
Volume 44
Issue 3
Start page 365
End page 388
Total pages 24
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Using a combined emic-etic approach, the present study investigates similarities and differences in the indigenous personality concepts of ethnocultural groups in South Africa. Semistructured interviews asking for self- and other-descriptions were conducted with 1,027 Blacks, 58 Indians, and 105 Whites, speakers of the country's 11 official languages. A model with 9 broad personality clusters subsuming the Big Five-Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Facilitating, Integrity, Intellect, Openness, Relationship Harmony, and Soft-Heartedness (Nel et al., 2012)-was examined. The 9 clusters were found in all groups, yet the groups differed in their use of the model's components: Blacks referred more to social-relational descriptions, specific trait manifestations, and social norms, whereas Whites referred more to personal-growth descriptions and abstract concepts, and Indians had an intermediate pattern. The results suggest that a broad spectrum of personality concepts should be included in the development of common personality models and measurement tools for diverse cultural groups.
Keyword Emic-etic approach
Implicit personality concepts
Indigenous personality model
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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