Long-term transfer of learning from books and video during toddlerhood

Brito, Natalie, Barr, Rachel, McIntyre, Paula and Simcock, Gabrielle (2012) Long-term transfer of learning from books and video during toddlerhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111 1: 108-119. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.004

Author Brito, Natalie
Barr, Rachel
McIntyre, Paula
Simcock, Gabrielle
Title Long-term transfer of learning from books and video during toddlerhood
Journal name Journal of Experimental Child Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0965
Publication date 2012-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.004
Open Access Status
Volume 111
Issue 1
Start page 108
End page 119
Total pages 12
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Formatted abstract
Television viewing and picture book reading are prevalent activities during toddlerhood, and research has shown that toddlers can imitate from both books and videos after short delays. This is the first study to directly compare toddlers' long-term retention rates for target actions learned from a video or book. Toddlers (N= 158) at 18- and 24-months of age saw an experimenter demonstrating how to make a novel three-step toy rattle via a prerecorded video or a picture book. The toddlers' imitation of the target actions was tested after a specific delay (e.g., 2, 4. weeks), and their performance was compared with that of age-matched controls who did not see a demonstration. The 18-month-olds retained the target actions for 2. weeks, exhibiting forgetting at 4. weeks, whereas the 24-month-olds retained the information for up to 4. weeks, exhibiting forgetting at 8. weeks. Retention rates for books and videos did not differ at either age. These findings demonstrate very impressive retention from a brief two-dimensional media demonstration, and they contribute to our overall understanding of long-term memory processes during infancy.

► Toddlers imitate actions from books and television for up to 4 weeks. ► Toddlers remember equally well from television and books. ► Two-year-olds remember for longer than younger 18-month-olds. ► Toddlers forget more rapidly from 2D media than from live demonstrations. ► Transfer of learning studies from books and television indicate increases in representational flexibility during toddlerhood.
Keyword Television
Picture books
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
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