Chemical control of weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran

Zand, Eskandar, Baghestani, Mohammad Ali, AghaAlikhani, Majid, Soufizadeh, Saeid, Khayami, Mohammad Mehdi, PourAzar, Reza, Sabeti, Peyman, Jamali, Mohammad, Bagherani, Naser and Forouzesh, Somayyeh (2010) Chemical control of weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protection, 29 11: 1223-1231. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2010.07.004


Author Zand, Eskandar
Baghestani, Mohammad Ali
AghaAlikhani, Majid
Soufizadeh, Saeid
Khayami, Mohammad Mehdi
PourAzar, Reza
Sabeti, Peyman
Jamali, Mohammad
Bagherani, Naser
Forouzesh, Somayyeh
Title Chemical control of weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran
Formatted title
Chemical control of weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran
Journal name Crop Protection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0261-2194
1873-6904
Publication date 2010-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cropro.2010.07.004
Open Access Status
Volume 29
Issue 11
Start page 1223
End page 1231
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Experiments were conducted in 2006-2007 at six research stations of the Iranian Plant Protection Research Institute to study the efficacy of different herbicides to control weeds in wheat. Treatments included mesosulfuron-methyl plus iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium plus mefenpyr-diethyl (WG) at 45 + 45 + 135 g. a.i./ha, respectively, sulfosulfuron at 21, 31.5, 42 and 51 g. a.i./ha, chlorsulfuron at 15 g. a.i./ha, bromoxynil plus MCPA at 600 g. a.i./ha with clodinafop propargyl at 64 g. a.i./ha, sulfosulfuron plus metsulfuron-methyl at 36 g. a.i./ha, mesosulfuron-methyl plus iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium plus mefenpyr-diethyl (OD) at 15 + 3 + 45 g. a.i./ha, respectively, and a full season weed-free control. Herbicides were applied at wheat tillering. Results showed that sulfosulfuron plus metsulfuron-methyl, and bromoxynil plus MCPA with clodinafop propargyl resulted in satisfactory weed control and wheat grain yield at most locations. Weed control efficacy of both formulations of mesosulfuron-methyl plus iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium was variable across locations. Efficacy of the OD formulation appears to depend upon location, so that application of this herbicide at Shiraz and Gorgan resulted in better weed control compared to use of the WG. Satisfactory performance of the OD formulation at Gorgan and Shiraz could be attributed in part to the even pattern of rainfall distribution during the growing season and wheat cultivar used, respectively. With respect to grain yield, however, the OD formulation was better than WG formulation at most of the locations.
Keyword Grain yield
Herbicide
Weed
Wheat
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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