Balancing the budget of environmental estrogen exposure: The contribution of recycled water

Leusch, Frederic D. L., Moore, Michael R. and Chapman, Heather F. (2009) Balancing the budget of environmental estrogen exposure: The contribution of recycled water. Water Science and Technology, 60 4: 1003-1012. doi:10.2166/wst.2009.398


Author Leusch, Frederic D. L.
Moore, Michael R.
Chapman, Heather F.
Title Balancing the budget of environmental estrogen exposure: The contribution of recycled water
Journal name Water Science and Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0273-1223
1996-9732
Publication date 2009
Year available 2009
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2166/wst.2009.398
Open Access Status
Volume 60
Issue 4
Start page 1003
End page 1012
Total pages 10
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher I W A Publishing
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 2305 Environmental Engineering
2312 Water Science and Technology
Abstract Estrogenic endocrine disrupting compounds (e-EDCs) are present in treated sewage and there is concern about estrogenicity of potable recycled water. However e-EDCs are also present in other environmental media and intake from water needs to be considered in relation to these other sources. The concentrations of 13 e-EDCs in foodstuffs and drinking water are reviewed, their predicted concentrations in recycled water are estimated, and the daily estrogenic intake as 17β-estradiol equivalent (EEq) based on both in vitro and in vivo potencies is calculated as 1.39 and 9.65 μgEEq/d, respectively. Dietary intake accounts for more than 99.8% of that total, and more than 84.2% is due to phytosterols. Drinking 2 L of recycled water per day is expected to add 0.001 to 0.016 μgEEq/d based on in vitro and in vivo potencies, respectively. Exposure to e-EDCs in recycled water is therefore likely to be insignificant compared to current dietary intakes.
Keyword Daily exposure
Diet
Estrogenic compounds
Recycled water
Urban water
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
 
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