Two failed attempts to Islamize the Indonesian constitution

Elson, R. E. (2013) Two failed attempts to Islamize the Indonesian constitution. Sojourn, 28 3: 379-437. doi:10.1355/sj28-3a

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Author Elson, R. E.
Title Two failed attempts to Islamize the Indonesian constitution
Journal name Sojourn   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0217-9520
1793-2858
Publication date 2013-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1355/sj28-3a
Open Access Status
Volume 28
Issue 3
Start page 379
End page 437
Total pages 59
Place of publication Pasir Panjang, Singapore, Singapore
Publisher Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In 1945 Indonesian politicians endeavouring to create a constitution for their hoped-for Indonesian state engaged in heated debate about the place of Islam in that state. However, the compromise at which they arrived, the famous "seven words" of the Jakarta Charter, was abruptly erased on 18 August, the day after the independence proclamation, by the committee charged with finalizing and validating the Constitution. Subsequently, there have been two further formal efforts to Islamize the Indonesian Constitution, the first in the late 1950s in the Konstituante (Constituent Assembly) and the second during the constitutional amendment process at the turn of the twenty-first century. Both failed. A comparative analysis of these latter efforts - with a particular focus on the nature and changing content of Islamist thinking on the Constitution and its relation to Islam - and on the differing contexts on which the debates took place, informs explanation of the dismal failure of both.
Keyword Indonesia
Constitution
Jakarta Charter
Islamist
Sukarno
Guided democracy
Reformasi
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
 
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Created: Mon, 18 Nov 2013, 10:57:57 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry