Original and revised reinforcement sensitivity theory in the prediction of executive functioning: a test of relationships between dual systems

Jackson, Chris J., Loxton, Natalie J., Harnett, Paul, Ciarrochi, Joseph and Gullo, Matthew J. (2014) Original and revised reinforcement sensitivity theory in the prediction of executive functioning: a test of relationships between dual systems. Personality and Individual Differences, 56 1: 83-88. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.08.024


Author Jackson, Chris J.
Loxton, Natalie J.
Harnett, Paul
Ciarrochi, Joseph
Gullo, Matthew J.
Title Original and revised reinforcement sensitivity theory in the prediction of executive functioning: a test of relationships between dual systems
Journal name Personality and Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
1873-3549
Publication date 2014-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2013.08.024
Volume 56
Issue 1
Start page 83
End page 88
Total pages 6
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Highlights
• We determine if RST predicts objective measures of executive functioning.
• We find Flight inversely predicts executive functioning.
• This relationship has survival benefit.
• Findings support the dual process structural model of personality.

Executive functioning relates to cognitive processes that are effortful and controlled, whereas processes underlying personality are assumed to be routine and automatic (Elliot and Thrash, 2002 and Elliot and Thrash, 2010). We evaluated potential influences between these dual systems by examining the link between executive functioning and biologically based personality measures associated with original reinforcement sensitivity theory (o-RST) and revised reinforcement sensitivity theory (r-RST). Results showed that flight (a tendency to commit to poorly planned, escape behavior) negatively predicted executive functioning. We find partial support for the general hypothesis of links between the dual systems. Generally, r-RST was a better predictor of executive functioning than o-RST. The proposed structure of the r-RST measurement model was confirmed.
Keyword Executive functioning
Gray
RST
r-RST
o-RST
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 23 September 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 15 Nov 2013, 14:22:10 EST by Dr Natalie Loxton on behalf of School of Psychology