Connectionism, parallel constraint satisfaction processes, and Gestalt principles: (Re)introducing cognitive dynamics to social psycholog

Read, Stephen J., Vanman, Eric J. and Miller, Lynn C. (1997) Connectionism, parallel constraint satisfaction processes, and Gestalt principles: (Re)introducing cognitive dynamics to social psycholog. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1 1: 26-53. doi:10.1207/s15327957pspr0101_3


Author Read, Stephen J.
Vanman, Eric J.
Miller, Lynn C.
Title Connectionism, parallel constraint satisfaction processes, and Gestalt principles: (Re)introducing cognitive dynamics to social psycholog
Journal name Personality and Social Psychology Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1088-8683
1532-7957
Publication date 1997
Year available 1997
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1207/s15327957pspr0101_3
Volume 1
Issue 1
Start page 26
End page 53
Total pages 28
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA United States
Publisher Sage Publications Inc.
Collection year 1998
Language eng
Formatted abstract
We argue that recent work in connectionist modeling, in particular the parallel constraint satisfaction processes that are central to many of these models, has great importance for understanding issues of both historical and current concern for social psychologists. We first provide a brief description of connectionist modeling, with particular emphasis on parallel constraint satisfaction processes. Second, we examine the tremendous similarities between parallel constraint satisfaction processes and the Gestalt principles that were the foundation for much of modern social psychology. We propose that parallel constraint satisfaction processes provide a computational implementation of the principles of Gestalt psychology that were central to the work of such seminal social psychologists as Asch, Festinger, Heider, and Lewin. Third, we then describe how parallel constraint satisfaction processes have been applied to three areas that were key to the beginnings of modern social psychology and remain central today: impression formation and causal reasoning, cognitive consistency (balance and cognitive dissonance), and goal-directed behavior. We conclude by discussing implications of parallel constraint satisfaction principles for a number of broader issues in social psychology, such as the dynamics of social thought and the integration of social information within the narrow time frame of social interaction.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 15 Nov 2013, 11:03:51 EST by Dr Eric Vanman on behalf of School of Psychology