Thirty years of monitoring aluminium smelter effects in Hunter Valley vineyards

Doley, David and McNaughton, Kerry (2013). Thirty years of monitoring aluminium smelter effects in Hunter Valley vineyards. In: Clean Air in a Changing Climate: Proceedings of the 21st Clean Air and Environment Conference. CASANZ 2013: 21st International Clean Air Conference, Sydney, NSW, Australia, (1-6). 9-11 September, 2013.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Doley, David
McNaughton, Kerry
Title of paper Thirty years of monitoring aluminium smelter effects in Hunter Valley vineyards
Conference name CASANZ 2013: 21st International Clean Air Conference
Conference location Sydney, NSW, Australia
Conference dates 9-11 September, 2013
Convener Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand
Proceedings title Clean Air in a Changing Climate: Proceedings of the 21st Clean Air and Environment Conference
Place of Publication Surry Hills North, VIC, Australia
Publisher Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Fully published paper
Open Access Status
ISBN 9780987455321
Start page 1
End page 6
Total pages 6
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Environmental monitoring at the Kurri Kurri aluminium smelter included monthly growing season collections of leaves from representative grapevines at 12 vineyards in the lower Hunter Valley between 1981 and 2013, supplemented by continuous monitoring of gaseous and particulate fluorides at six of these vineyards between 1997 and 2013. Monthly reports were provided to vignerons describing ambient and foliar fluoride concentrations, and photographic examples of foliar condition. The final growing season of the survey coincided with the suspension of operations at the smelter and enabled a retrospective review of the previous thirty growing seasons. Compliance with air quality goals was achieved at all monitoring sites within the vineyard area. Ambient fluoride concentrations at different vineyards were approximately related to distance and direction from the smelter. Grapevine leaf fluoride concentrations were approximately related to the seasonal cumulative fluoride exposure, with the rate of accumulation generally being higher at vineyards with higher ambient fluoride exposures. Foliar fluoride concentrations of up to about 50 mg F/kg were observed without reported adverse effects on grapevine growth, fruit yield or product quality. While an individual grapevine foliar fluoride concentration measurement is an imprecise indicator of immediate fluoride exposure or effect on grape yield or quality, the vineyard monitoring activity proved to be an effective environmental management tool.
Keyword Aluminium smelter
Grapevines
Ambient fluoride
Foliar fluoride
Air quality monitoring
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation Publications
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Created: Thu, 14 Nov 2013, 10:10:12 EST by Dr David Doley on behalf of Centre For Mined Land Rehabilitation