Does an 'Activity-Permissive' Workplace Change Office Workers' Sitting and Activity Time?

Gorman, Erin, Ashe, Maureen C., Dunstan, David W., Hanson, Heather M., Madden, Ken, Winkler, Elisabeth A. H., McKay, Heather A. and Healy, Genevieve N. (2013) Does an 'Activity-Permissive' Workplace Change Office Workers' Sitting and Activity Time?. Plos One, 8 10: . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076723

Author Gorman, Erin
Ashe, Maureen C.
Dunstan, David W.
Hanson, Heather M.
Madden, Ken
Winkler, Elisabeth A. H.
McKay, Heather A.
Healy, Genevieve N.
Title Does an 'Activity-Permissive' Workplace Change Office Workers' Sitting and Activity Time?
Journal name Plos One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2013-10
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0076723
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 10
Total pages 6
Place of publication San Francisco, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
To describe changes in workplace physical activity, and health-, and work-related outcomes, in workers who transitioned from a conventional to an ‘activity-permissive’ workplace.
A natural pre-post experiment conducted in Vancouver, Canada in 2011. A convenience sample of office-based workers (n=24, 75% women, mean [SD] age = 34.5 [8.1] years) were examined four months following relocation from a conventional workplace (pre) to a newly-constructed, purpose-built, movement-oriented physical environment (post). Workplace activity- (activPAL3-derived stepping, standing, and sitting time), health- (body composition and fasting cardio-metabolic blood profile), and work- (performance; job satisfaction) related outcomes were measured pre- and post-move and compared using paired t-tests.
Pre-move, on average (mean [SD]) the majority of the day was spent sitting (364 [43.0] mins/8-hr workday), followed by standing (78.2 [32.1] mins/8-hr workday) and stepping (37.7 [15.6] mins/8-hr workday). The transition to the ‘activity-permissive’ workplace resulted in a significant increase in standing time (+18.5, 95% CI: 1.8, 35.2 mins/8-hr workday), likely driven by reduced sitting time (-19.7, 95% CI: -42.1, 2.8 mins/8-hr workday) rather than increased stepping time (+1.2, 95% CI: -6.2, 8.5 mins/8-hr workday). There were no statistically significant differences observed in health- or work-related outcomes.
This novel, opportunistic study demonstrated that the broader workplace physical environment can beneficially impact on standing time in office workers. The long-term health and work-related benefits, and the influence of individual, organizational, and social factors on this change, requires further evaluation.
Keyword Physical-Activity
Sedentary Time
Activity Monitor
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 15 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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