Sustaining ecosystem functions in a changing world: a call for an integrated approach

Tomimatsu, Hiroshi, Sasaki, Takehiro, Kurokawa, Hiroko, Bridle, Jon R., Fontaine, Colin, Kitano, Jun, Stouffer, Daniel B., Vellend, Mark, Bezemer, T. Martijn, Fukami, Tadashi, Hadly, Elizabeth A., van der Heijden, Marcel G. A., Kawata, Masakado, Kefi, Sonia, Kraft, Nathan J. B., McCann, Kevin S., Mumby, Peter J., Nakashizuka, Tohru, Petchey, Owen L., Romanuk, Tamara N., Suding, Katharine N., Takimoto, Gaku, Urabe, Jotaro and Yachi, Shigeo (2013) Sustaining ecosystem functions in a changing world: a call for an integrated approach. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50 5: 1124-1130. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12116


Author Tomimatsu, Hiroshi
Sasaki, Takehiro
Kurokawa, Hiroko
Bridle, Jon R.
Fontaine, Colin
Kitano, Jun
Stouffer, Daniel B.
Vellend, Mark
Bezemer, T. Martijn
Fukami, Tadashi
Hadly, Elizabeth A.
van der Heijden, Marcel G. A.
Kawata, Masakado
Kefi, Sonia
Kraft, Nathan J. B.
McCann, Kevin S.
Mumby, Peter J.
Nakashizuka, Tohru
Petchey, Owen L.
Romanuk, Tamara N.
Suding, Katharine N.
Takimoto, Gaku
Urabe, Jotaro
Yachi, Shigeo
Title Sustaining ecosystem functions in a changing world: a call for an integrated approach
Journal name Journal of Applied Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-8901
1365-2664
Publication date 2013-10-01
Sub-type Letter to editor, brief commentary or brief communication
DOI 10.1111/1365-2664.12116
Volume 50
Issue 5
Start page 1124
End page 1130
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract With ever-increasing human pressure on ecosystems, it is critically important to predict how ecosystem functions will respond to such human-induced perturbations. We define perturbations as either changes to abiotic environment (e.g. eutrophication, climate change) that indirectly affects biota, or direct changes to biota (e.g. species introductions). While two lines of research in ecology, biodiversity-ecosystem function (BDEF) and ecological resilience (ER) research, have addressed this issue, both fields of research have nontrivial shortcomings in their abilities to address a wide range of realistic scenarios. We outline how an integrated research framework may foster a deeper understanding of the functional consequences of perturbations via simultaneous application of (i) process-based mechanistic predictions using trait-based approaches and (ii) detection of empirical patterns of functional changes along real perturbation gradients. In this context, the complexities of ecological interactions and evolutionary perspectives should be integrated into future research. Synthesis and applications. Management of human-impacted ecosystems can be guided most directly by understanding the response of ecosystem functions to controllable perturbations. In particular, we need to characterize the form of a wide range of perturbation-function relationships and to draw connections between those patterns and the underlying ecological processes. We anticipate that the integrated perspectives will also be helpful for managers to derive practical implications for management from academic literature. Management of human-impacted ecosystems can be guided most directly by understanding the response of ecosystem functions to controllable perturbations. In particular, we need to characterize the form of a wide range of perturbation-function relationships and to draw connections between those patterns and the underlying ecological processes. We anticipate that the integrated perspectives will also be helpful for managers to derive practical implications for management from academic literature.
Keyword Biodiversity
Ecological thresholds
Environment
Evolution
Interaction network
Perturbation
Species traits
Stability
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Letter to editor, brief commentary or brief communication
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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