Foresight beyond the very next event: four-year-olds can link past and deferred future episodes

Redshaw, Jonathan and Suddendorf, Thomas (2013) Foresight beyond the very next event: four-year-olds can link past and deferred future episodes. Frontiers in Psychology, 4 404: 1-6. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00404


Author Redshaw, Jonathan
Suddendorf, Thomas
Title Foresight beyond the very next event: four-year-olds can link past and deferred future episodes
Journal name Frontiers in Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1664-1078
Publication date 2013-07-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00404
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 4
Issue 404
Start page 1
End page 6
Total pages 6
Editor Jonathan Smallwood
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Previous experiments have demonstrated that by 4 years of age children can use information from a past episode to solve a problem for the very next future episode. However, it remained unclear whether 4-year-olds can similarly use such information to solve a problem for a more removed future episode that is not of immediate concern. In the current study we introduced 4-year-olds to problems in one room before taking them to another room and distracting them for 15 min. The children were then offered a choice of items to place into a bucket that was to be taken back to the first room when a 5-min sand-timer had completed a cycle. Across two conceptually distinct domains, the children placed the item that could solve the deferred future problem above chance level. This result demonstrates that by 48 months many children can recall a problem from the past and act in the present to solve that problem for a deferred future episode. We discuss implications for theories about the nature of episodic foresight.
Keyword Mental time travel
Episodic foresight
Episodic memory
Planning
Problem solving
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 14 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 31 Oct 2013, 02:15:33 EST by Thomas Suddendorf on behalf of School of Psychology