Rollover footwear affects lower limb biomechanics during walking

Forghany, Saeed, Nester, Christopher J., Richards, Barry, Hatton, Anna Lucy and Liu, Anmin (2013) Rollover footwear affects lower limb biomechanics during walking. Gait and Posture, 39 1: 205-212. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.07.009

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Author Forghany, Saeed
Nester, Christopher J.
Richards, Barry
Hatton, Anna Lucy
Liu, Anmin
Title Rollover footwear affects lower limb biomechanics during walking
Journal name Gait and Posture   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0966-6362
Publication date 2013-08-02
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.07.009
Volume 39
Issue 1
Start page 205
End page 212
Total pages 8
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
• We investigated effect of rollover footwear on multiple aspects of gait.
• Rollover footwear affects the foot and ankle in the main.
• Rollover footwear increases loading rate at initial contact.
• There is only some alteration to leg muscle activity.

Aim To investigate the effect of rollover footwear on walking speed, metabolic cost of gait, lower limb kinematics, kinetics, EMG muscle activity and plantar pressure.

Methods Twenty subjects (mean age-33.1 years, height-1.71 m, body mass-68.9 kg, BMI 23.6, 12 male) walked in: a flat control footwear; a flat control footwear weighted to match the mass of a rollover shoe; a rollover shoe; MBT footwear. Data relating to metabolic energy and temporal aspects of gait were collected during 6 min of continuous walking, all other data in a gait laboratory.

Results The rollover footwear moved the contact point under the shoe anteriorly during early stance, increasing midfoot pressures. This changed internal ankle dorsiflexion moments to plantarflexion moments earlier, reducing ankle plantarflexion and tibialis anterior activity after initial contact, and increasing calf EMG activity. In mid stance the rollover footwear resulted in a more dorsiflexed ankle position but less ankle movement. During propulsion, the rollover footwear reduced peak ankle dorsiflexion, peak internal plantarflexor ankle moments and the range of ankle plantarflexion. Vertical ground reaction loading rates were increased by the rollover footwear. There were no effects on temporal or energy cost of gait and no effect of elevated shoe weight.

Conclusion Investigating all proposed effects of this footwear concurrently has enabled a more valid investigation of how the footwear effects are interrelated. There were concurrent changes in several aspects of lower limb function, with greatest effects at the foot and ankle, but no change in the metabolic cost of walking.
Keyword Rollover footwear
Metabolic energy cost
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Available online 2 August 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 22 Oct 2013, 12:53:20 EST by Anna Hatton on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences