Objective: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common, and are markers of poor mental health. This study examined the internal structure of a screening test, the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences-Positive scale (CAPE-P) in a young Australian sample.
Method: A cross-sectional online survey, which included the CAPE-P, was completed by 1610 university students aged between 18 and 25. years. Confirmatory factor analyses compared 1-, 4-, and 5-factor models, and examined effects of omitting selected items.
Results: A 3-factor model, omitting items on magical thinking, grandiosity, paranormal beliefs and a cross-loading item produced the best fit. The resultant 15-item CAPE (CAPE-P15) had three subscales - Persecutory Ideation, Perceptual Abnormalities and Bizarre Experiences, all with high levels of internal consistency.
Conclusion: The CAPE-P15 shows promise as a measure of positive, psychosis-like experiences, but further validation of this measure is required in community samples