Spatiotemporal patterns of pandemic influenza-related deaths in Allied naval forces during 1918

Shanks, G. D., Waller, M. and Smallman-Raynor, M. (2013) Spatiotemporal patterns of pandemic influenza-related deaths in Allied naval forces during 1918. Epidemiology and Infection, 141 10: 2205-2212. doi:10.1017/S0950268812003032


Author Shanks, G. D.
Waller, M.
Smallman-Raynor, M.
Title Spatiotemporal patterns of pandemic influenza-related deaths in Allied naval forces during 1918
Journal name Epidemiology and Infection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0950-2688
1469-4409
Publication date 2013-10
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0950268812003032
Open Access Status
Volume 141
Issue 10
Start page 2205
End page 2212
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 This paper draws on the mortality records of the French, US and UK Royal navies to reconstruct the spatiotemporal evolution of the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic in global Allied naval forces. For a total of 7658 deaths attributed to respiratory diseases (French and US navies) and all diseases (UK Royal Navy) at 514 locations worldwide, techniques of spatial point pattern analysis were used to generate weekly maps of global mortality intensity in 1918. The map sequence for the main period of pandemic mortality, mid-August to mid-November 1918, revealed a near-simultaneous development of mutiple foci of high disease intensity in three distant locations (Europe, North America, West Africa). Given the relatively slow speed of naval ships in convoy at this time (<12 knots), our findings suggest that the pandemic influenza virus was circulating on three continents at the observed onset of the main mortality wave.
Keyword Military
Mortality
Navy
Pandemic influenza
Purulent Bronchitis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 29 Sep 2013, 00:15:03 EST by System User on behalf of School of Public Health