Drug Decriminalization and Legalization

Hall, Wayne and Lucke, Jayne (2013). Drug Decriminalization and Legalization. In Peter M. Miller (Ed.), Interventions for addiction: comprehensive addictive behaviors and disorders (pp. 689-696) U. S. A.: Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-398338-1.00070-1

Author Hall, Wayne
Lucke, Jayne
Title of chapter Drug Decriminalization and Legalization
Title of book Interventions for addiction: comprehensive addictive behaviors and disorders
Place of Publication U. S. A.
Publisher Academic Press
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-398338-1.00070-1
Year available 2013
ISBN 9780123983381
Editor Peter M. Miller
Volume number 3
Chapter number 70
Start page 689
End page 696
Total pages 8
Total chapters 90
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
This entry defines the policies of drug decriminalization and legalization often advocated for drugs that are currently prohibited under international control treaties except those for medical and scientific uses, namely amphetamine, cocaine, cannabis, and heroin. It describes and reviews evidence on the effects of the different forms of decriminalization and legalization that have most often been advocated for cannabis and heroin in developed countries. Marginal changes in penalties for personal possession and use of cannabis do not appear to have had any large effects on rates of use. The impact of de facto retail cannabis sales, as permitted in the Netherlands, or the legalization of medical use, as allowed in California, is less clear. In the case of heroin, needle and syringe programs have de facto decriminalized the possession of needles and syringes in some countries. A smaller number of countries have allowed supervised injecting centers. Over the past three decades, many more countries have expanded access to methadone and buprenorphine treatment for opioid dependence. The inclusion of heroin maintenance treatment among the treatment options for opioid dependence has been trialed and is allowed in a small number of countries.
Keyword Cannabis Use
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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