Parenting stress in mothers of very preterm infants: influence of development, temperament and maternal depression

Gray, Peter H., Edwards, Dawn M., O'Callaghan, Michael J., Cuskelly, Monica and Gibbons, Kristen (2013) Parenting stress in mothers of very preterm infants: influence of development, temperament and maternal depression. Early Human Development, 89 9: 625-629. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.04.005


Author Gray, Peter H.
Edwards, Dawn M.
O'Callaghan, Michael J.
Cuskelly, Monica
Gibbons, Kristen
Title Parenting stress in mothers of very preterm infants: influence of development, temperament and maternal depression
Journal name Early Human Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-3782
1872-6232
Publication date 2013-09-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.04.005
Volume 89
Issue 9
Start page 625
End page 629
Total pages 5
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare Ireland
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective
To measure levels of parenting stress and postnatal depression in mothers of very preterm infants in comparison with mothers of infants born at term is the objective of this study. The study also aimed to explore factors associated with parenting stress in the mothers of the preterm infants.

Methods
One hundred and five mothers who delivered 124 babies at ≤ 30 weeks gestation were enrolled together with 105 term mothers who delivered 120 babies. At one year of age (corrected for prematurity for the preterm cohort), the mothers completed the Parenting Stress Index Short Form (PSI), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Short Temperament Scale for Toddlers. The infants had neurodevelopmental assessment. The preterm and term groups were compared.

Results
Questionnaires were completed by 101 of the preterm mothers and 98 of the term mothers. The mean PSI Total Stress score was significantly higher for the preterm mothers (70.28 vs 64.52, p = 0.022), with 19% of the preterm group and 9% of the term group having high scores (p = 0.038).There was no group difference on the EPDS or measures of temperament, with disability being greater in the preterm infants. For the preterm group, maternal depression and infant temperament were independent predictors of Total Stress scores on multivariate analysis.

Conclusions
Parenting stress in mothers of preterm infants at one year of age is significantly greater than that found in mothers of term infants. For preterm mothers, symptoms of depression and infant temperament are independent risk factors for higher levels of parenting stress.
Keyword Parenting stress
Preterm
Term controls
Infant temperament
Infant development
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Education Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 23 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 25 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 29 Sep 2013, 10:11:28 EST by System User on behalf of School of Education