Sensory profiles of children born < 30 weeks' gestation at 2 years of age and their environmental and biological predictors

Eeles, Abbey L., Anderson, Peter J., Brown, Nisha C., Lee, Katherine J., Boyd, Roslyn N., Spittle, Alicia J. and Doyle, Lex W. (2013) Sensory profiles of children born < 30 weeks' gestation at 2 years of age and their environmental and biological predictors. Early Human Development, 89 9: 727-732. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.05.005


Author Eeles, Abbey L.
Anderson, Peter J.
Brown, Nisha C.
Lee, Katherine J.
Boyd, Roslyn N.
Spittle, Alicia J.
Doyle, Lex W.
Title Sensory profiles of children born < 30 weeks' gestation at 2 years of age and their environmental and biological predictors
Journal name Early Human Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-3782
1872-6232
Publication date 2013-09
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.05.005
Open Access Status
Volume 89
Issue 9
Start page 727
End page 732
Total pages 6
Place of publication Clare, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Sensory profiles are increasingly used by therapists to assess children. There is limited information on how sensory profiles differ between very preterm (VPT) children and term controls, or on the predictors of sensory profiles in VPT children.
Aims
The aim of this study was to examine sensory profiles of children born < 30 weeks' gestation at 2 years and their environmental and biological influences.
Study design
Cohort study.
Subjects
253 VPT children born < 30 weeks' gestation and 65 term-born controls (> 36 weeks' gestation).
Outcome measures
Sensory profiles were examined with the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile Questionnaire, which measures the child's responsiveness in four sensory quadrants and in five sensory processing sections. Standardised z scores for the VPT sample were compared with the controls, and predictors of VPT infant sensory profiles were determined.
Results
VPT children had scores consistent with stronger patterns across all four sensory quadrants compared with controls, indicating a stronger interaction between neurological thresholds to elicit a response and self-regulation strategies. In addition they also exhibited more of the behaviours in all sensory processing sections compared with controls. Male sex, higher social risk, increasing length of stay, and moderate to severe white matter abnormality on MRI at term-equivalent age were associated with stronger sensory profile patterns in some quadrants, and more behaviours in some sensory processing sections.
Conclusions
Sensory profiles differed between VPT children and term-born controls, with stronger sensory profile patterns associated with male sex, higher social risk, longer hospital stay, and moderate to severe white matter abnormality.
Keyword Sensory processing
Preterm infant
Child development
Sensory profile
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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