The effects of physical exercise on older adults, aged 65 years and older, with a diagnosis of dementia: a systematic review protocol

Fox, Benjamin and Hodgkinson, Brent (2013) The effects of physical exercise on older adults, aged 65 years and older, with a diagnosis of dementia: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports, 11 7: 414-421. doi:10.11124/jbisrir-2013-938

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Author Fox, Benjamin
Hodgkinson, Brent
Title The effects of physical exercise on older adults, aged 65 years and older, with a diagnosis of dementia: a systematic review protocol
Journal name JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2202-4433
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.11124/jbisrir-2013-938
Open Access Status
Volume 11
Issue 7
Start page 414
End page 421
Total pages 8
Place of publication Adelaide, SA, Australia
Publisher Joanna Briggs Institute, The University of Adelaide
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Review question/objective Does physical exercise affect functional performance, quality of life, cognitive impairment and physical activity levels of older adults (<65yrs) with a diagnosis of dementia?

More specifically, the objectives are to:
• determine the effect of physical exercise on domains of functional performance, physical activity levels, quality of life and cognitive impairment
• determine whether resistance training or aerobic training is more effective on the elderly with dementia
•  determine the impact of exercise on Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD)
• Determine whether program effectiveness is dependent upon living arrangements (ie community-dwelling adults with dementia compared to those living in residential aged care facilities [RACF])
• evaluate the validity and reliability of functional performance and physical activity measurement tools for peoples with dementia.

Inclusion criteria

Types of participants This review will consider studies that target older adults, aged 65 years and older, with a specific medical diagnosis of dementia, living in the community (with respite care) or in residential aged care facilities. Due to the nature of dementia diagnosis, the duration since diagnosis will not be considered as a point of reference for the severity of the disease. Exclusion criteria are studies that include older adults who are bed-ridden or hospitalized, dementia diagnosis based off MMSE scores alone (no medical diagnosis of dementia).

Types of intervention(s)/phenomena of interest This review will consider all studies that evaluate physical exercise interventions using an experimental study design, of any length. Specifically, studies will compare a specific intervention in one–on-one and group settings.

Studies aimed at increasing exercise through education or health promotion will not be included.

Types of outcomes This review will include studies that measure at least one of the following primary outcome measures: quality of life, functional performance, physical activity levels and cognitive impairment. Secondary outcome measures may include any mentioned changes attributed to the program for dementia patients and/or their carers, as well as validity, reliability and appropriateness of outcome tools used.
Keyword Dementia
Exercise
Functional performance
Older adults
Residential aged care
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 16 Sep 2013, 14:48:00 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work