Recruitment rates in workplace physical activity interventions: Characteristics for success

Ryde, Gemma C., Gilson, Nicholas D., Burton, Nicola W. and Brown, Wendy J. (2013) Recruitment rates in workplace physical activity interventions: Characteristics for success. American Journal of Health Promotion, 27 5: E101-E112. doi:10.4278/ajhp.120404-LIT-187

Author Ryde, Gemma C.
Gilson, Nicholas D.
Burton, Nicola W.
Brown, Wendy J.
Title Recruitment rates in workplace physical activity interventions: Characteristics for success
Journal name American Journal of Health Promotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0890-1171
Publication date 2013-05
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4278/ajhp.120404-LIT-187
Volume 27
Issue 5
Start page E101
End page E112
Total pages 12
Place of publication Troy, MI United States
Publisher American Journal of Health Promotion
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective. To conduct a systematic review to assess recruitment rates in workplace physical activity (PA) intervention studies and describe characteristics of studies with high recruitment rates.

Data Source.
Electronic and manual searches were conducted.

Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria. Workplace PA intervention studies that reported the number of employees invited to participate and the number who responded were included.

Data Extraction. Studies with recruitment rates of ≥70% were categorized as high with the remaining studies (<70%) used as comparison. Key study characteristics were assessed.

Data Synthesis. An approach called positive deviance was used to identify the extent to which study characteristics were unique to high recruitment rate.

Seventy-six percent of studies failed to report recruitment rates (n = 30 included for review). Studies with high recruitment rates (n = 8) tended to have longer study duration (mean 1.6 years) and target smaller cohorts of employees (mean n = 199) than comparison studies (3.9 months; n = 1241). For recruitment strategies and intervention components of high studies, involvement of employees was driven by the organization, with PA interventions provided as part of the working day in paid time.

These findings suggest a potential to improve recruitment through targeting small cohorts of employees, incorporating PA as a long-term strategy, facilitating organizationally driven employee involvement, and providing PA interventions during paid time.
Keyword Worksite Health Promotion
Physical Activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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