Carnivore competition, bone destruction, and bone density

Faith, J. Tyler, Marean, Curtis W. and Behrensmeyer, Anna K. (2007) Carnivore competition, bone destruction, and bone density. Journal of Archaeological Science, 34 12: 2025-2034. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.01.017

Author Faith, J. Tyler
Marean, Curtis W.
Behrensmeyer, Anna K.
Title Carnivore competition, bone destruction, and bone density
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
Publication date 2007-12
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2007.01.017
Volume 34
Issue 12
Start page 2025
End page 2034
Total pages 10
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In carnivore-modified archaeofaunal assemblages it is important to evaluate the degree to which carnivores have overprinted hominin behavioral signals. To examine the signals of increased competition for discarded bone, we present controlled experimental data on 33 simulated archaeological sites subjected to secondary consumption by spotted hyenas. We examine the relationship between competition, as measured by controlled numbers of hyenas and limb bones, and resultant levels of destruction and correlations between long-bone portion survivorship and bone density. Our results indicate that levels of destruction are equivalent regardless of the numbers of hyenas or long-bones included in the experimental assemblages. Correlations between long-bone epiphyseal and near-epiphyseal portions and bone density, however, do provide an indication of the level of competition. Results from the experimental study are used to highlight divergent levels of carnivore competition for hominin-discarded bone at the Plio-Pleistocene localities FLKN-Zinjanthropus and FLKN levels 1-2 from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.
Keyword Carnivore competition
Carnivore destruction
Bone Density
Spotted hyena
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Social Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 29 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 35 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 11 Sep 2013, 16:55:16 EST by Tyler Faith on behalf of School of Social Science