The effects of bullying on the developing brain. Strategies for effective interventions

Rossouw, Pieter J. (2013). The effects of bullying on the developing brain. Strategies for effective interventions. In: No2Bullying. Workplace, School and Cyber Bullying. No 2 Bullying Conference - Managing the Impacts of Bullying: Prevention, Policy and Practice., Surfers Paradise, Gold Coast, QLD, (102-112). 6-7 June 2013.

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Author Rossouw, Pieter J.
Title of paper The effects of bullying on the developing brain. Strategies for effective interventions
Conference name No 2 Bullying Conference - Managing the Impacts of Bullying: Prevention, Policy and Practice.
Conference location Surfers Paradise, Gold Coast, QLD
Conference dates 6-7 June 2013
Proceedings title No2Bullying. Workplace, School and Cyber Bullying
Place of Publication Nerang, Qld, Australia
Publisher Australia and New Zealand Mental Health Association
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 9781922232014
Start page 102
End page 112
Total pages 11
Language eng
Abstract/Summary The developing brain has a symbiotic relationship with the environment. Enriched environments facilitate neural proliferation, enhance cortical growth and facilitate healthy genetic expression. These (enriched) environments also inhibit unhealthy genetic risk factors and down-regulate excessive development of the amygdala– hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal system. Bullying poses a significant violation of the enriched environment and results various neural changes. The implications of these violations are discussed in terms of these neural changes (changes in neurochemical releases, neural structures as well as changes in neural activation – cortical blood flow, and neural loops) and in psychological terms (violation of four basic needs – attachment, control, self-esteem, self-esteem protection and self-esteem enhancement; and distress avoidance and pleasure maximization). Lastly, the paper focuses on strategies for effective interventions from a neuroscience perspective. Effective therapeutic strategies need to be developed in line with the principles of molecular neuroscience in order to be effective. A bottom up approach to facilitate change is explained in terms of the developing brain and how it relates to neural changes as result of bullying. These neural changes are aspects like neurochemical processes, compromises in neural structure and unique neural networks that resulted due to the violations of a secure environment. Specific guidelines are proposed to facilitate neural proliferation and enhance wellness.
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 05 Sep 2013, 08:39:57 EST by Pieter Rossouw on behalf of School of Social Work and Human Services