Assessing early growth and adiposity: report from an Early Nutrition Academy workshop

Ward, Leigh C., Poston, Lucilla, Godfrey, Keith M. and Koletzko, Berthold (2013) Assessing early growth and adiposity: report from an Early Nutrition Academy workshop. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 63 1-2: 120-130. doi:10.1159/000350702

Author Ward, Leigh C.
Poston, Lucilla
Godfrey, Keith M.
Koletzko, Berthold
Title Assessing early growth and adiposity: report from an Early Nutrition Academy workshop
Journal name Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0250-6807
Publication date 2013-10
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1159/000350702
Open Access Status
Volume 63
Issue 1-2
Start page 120
End page 130
Total pages 11
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publisher S. Karger
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This report provides a summary of a workshop organised by the European Commission-funded EarlyNutrition Project and the EarlyNutrition Academy. Accurate and reliable methods to assess body composition are needed in research on prenatal and early post-natal influences of nutrition on later health because common surrogate measures of maternal and offspring adiposity (body fat content), such as body mass index (BMI), have relatively poor predictive power for the risk of later disease. The key goals of the workshop were to discuss approaches to assess growth and body composition from pregnancy to adolescence, to summarise conclusions and to prepare a framework for research in the EarlyNutrition Project. The participants concluded that there is a pressing need to harmonise the methodologies for assessing body composition, recognising that each has advantages and limitations. Essential core measurements across studies assessing early growth and body composition were identified, including weight, length, BMI, waist and mid-upper arm circumference, subscapular and triceps skinfold thicknesses, and bioelectrical impedance analysis. In research settings with access to more sophisticated technologies, additional methods could include dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, peripheral quantitative computed tomography, ultrasound assessment of regional body fat, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), air displacement plethysmography (ADP), and deuterium dilution. These provide richer data to answer research questions in greater depth but also increase costs. Where overall whole-body composition is the primary outcome measure, ADP or tracer dilution should be used whenever possible. Where regional distribution of body fat is of greater interest, an imaging technique such as MRI is preferred.
Keyword Adiposity
Body composition
Body fat distribution
Body mass index
Skinfold thicknessā€©
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 02 Sep 2013, 14:50:03 EST by Mrs Louise Nimwegen on behalf of School of Chemistry & Molecular Biosciences