Oral health behaviours in relation to caries and gingivitis in primary-school children in Tehran, 2008

Jessri, Mah., Jessri, Mar., Rashidkhani, B. and Kimiagar, S-M. (2013) Oral health behaviours in relation to caries and gingivitis in primary-school children in Tehran, 2008. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 6: 527-534.

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Author Jessri, Mah.
Jessri, Mar.
Rashidkhani, B.
Kimiagar, S-M.
Title Oral health behaviours in relation to caries and gingivitis in primary-school children in Tehran, 2008
Journal name Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1020-3397
1687-1634
Publication date 2013-06-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 19
Issue 6
Start page 527
End page 534
Total pages 8
Place of publication Alexandria, Egypt
Publisher World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of caries, severe caries and
gingivitis in Tehran primary-school children and to analyse the relationship between children’s oral hygiene habits and
prevalence of these oral health diseases. Data were collected on the oral hygiene habits of 1271 Tehran schoolchildren
(637 boys, 634 girls) aged 9–13 years. Clinical examinations were performed to determine the decayed, missed and
filled teeth (DMFT) and the presence of gingivitis. Total DMFT ≥ 1 was observed in 83.3% of children; 55.5% had tDMFT
≥ 4 and 87.7% had ≥ 1 site affected by gingivitis. Dental visits of 48.2% of children were limited to toothache occasions
and parents’ lack of belief in the importance of oral health was the most commonly cited reason (P ≤ 0.05). The source
of oral health education had the strongest independent association with severe dental caries (OR = 2.35; 95% CI: 1.80–
2.60); dental flossing frequency was the strongest predicting factor correlated with gingivitis (OR = 3.51; CI: 1.46–8.44).
Keyword Dental Caries
Prevalence
Schoolchildren
Adolescents
Consumption
Trends
Iran
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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