Metal foam heat exchangers for thermal management of fuel cell systems – An experimental study

Odabaee, M., Mancin, S. and Hooman, K. (2013) Metal foam heat exchangers for thermal management of fuel cell systems – An experimental study. Experimental Thermal And Fluid Science, 51 214-219. doi:10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2013.07.016


Author Odabaee, M.
Mancin, S.
Hooman, K.
Title Metal foam heat exchangers for thermal management of fuel cell systems – An experimental study
Journal name Experimental Thermal And Fluid Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0894-1777
1879-2286
Publication date 2013-11
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2013.07.016
Open Access Status
Volume 51
Start page 214
End page 219
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract The present study explores the possibility of using metal foams for thermal management of fuel cells so that air-cooled fuel cell stacks can be commercialized as replacements for currently-available watercooled counterparts. Experimental studies have been conducted to examine the heat transfer enhancement from a thin metal foam layer sandwiched between two bipolar plates of a cell. To do this, effects of the key parameters including the free stream velocity and characteristics of metal foam such as porosity, permeability, and form drag coefficient on temperature distribution, heat and fluid flow are investigated. The improvements as a result of the application of metal foam layers on fuel cell systems efficiency have been analyzed and discussed. Empirical results were in an agreement with previous numerical studies and have shown that to remove the same amount of generated heat, the air-cooled fuel cell systems using aluminum foams require half of the pumping power compared to water-cooled fuel cell systems. The critical coolant temperature difference for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell systems was considered in which the applied foam layer created a uniform temperature distribution across the graphite plates.
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 13 August 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 15 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 29 Aug 2013, 10:10:01 EST by Mr Mostafa Odabaee on behalf of School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering