Hydraulic modeling of a distributary channel of Athabasca Valles, Mars, using a high-resolution digital terrain model

McIntyre, Neil, Warner, Nicholas H., Gupta, Sanjeev, Kim, Jung-Rack and Muller, Jan-Peter (2012) Hydraulic modeling of a distributary channel of Athabasca Valles, Mars, using a high-resolution digital terrain model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 117 3: . doi:10.1029/2011JE003939


Author McIntyre, Neil
Warner, Nicholas H.
Gupta, Sanjeev
Kim, Jung-Rack
Muller, Jan-Peter
Title Hydraulic modeling of a distributary channel of Athabasca Valles, Mars, using a high-resolution digital terrain model
Journal name Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2169-9097
2169-9100
Publication date 2012-03
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1029/2011JE003939
Open Access Status
Volume 117
Issue 3
Total pages 15
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
[1] Estimating magnitudes of flow rates in outflow channels has a central role in developing understanding of the paleohydrology of Mars. The typical approach to flow estimation is to identify geomorphic features, which indicate bankfull levels, and then use a hydraulic model to convert these levels into flow rates. Data constraints have meant that important assumptions about model equations, boundary conditions and parameter values have been necessary. In this paper, we use a high-resolution digital terrain model derived from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Context Camera stereopair imagery to develop a finer resolution step backwater hydraulic model than previously attempted. Furthermore, the data facilitate a more critical, more formal and broader assessment of this type of model than has previously been attempted. A distributary channel of Athabasca Valles is used as a case study. The median bankfull flow estimate was 39,000 m3 s−1, although estimates range up to 140,000 m3 s−1 depending on the assumptions employed. The principal uncertainties stem from assumptions about bankfull levels and downstream boundary conditions; and assumptions about the friction coefficient, criticality of flow, expansion and contraction losses, and geometric details of the channel are also important under certain conditions. Examination of additional DTMs further downstream would permit the analysis to be extended to hydraulic control sections that provide better-known boundary conditions, hence improving flow estimates. It is concluded that new-generation DTM data provide opportunity for deeper insight into the challenges and opportunities for modeling the paleohydrology of Mars, although further work is needed to achieve satisfactory levels of confidence. 
Keyword Orbiter Laser Altimeter
Martian Flood Lavas
Outflow Channel
Cerberus Fossae
Kasei Valles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Water in the Minerals Industry
 
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