There is a significant interest in environmental management by the public, governments and international organizations. Such interests are reflected in increased acceptance of internationally recognized environmental management approaches, increased legislative changes, and increased pressure for organizations to satisfy the legislative requirements. Adopting and achieving global standards help organizations to promote their global market competitiveness. Australian agriculture depends heavily on the global market while the agricultural industry relies on natural resources. Information systems are employed to help farmers to develop environmental management in Australian agriculture for environmental and business sustainability.
Information systems enable environmental management to improve organizational performance, through reducing costs and increasing work efficiency. They play a critical role in organizational performance by automating and integrating business processes, improving communication, and developing relationships between businesses. Although information systems have been used in environmental management systems extensively, their role in environmental performance in
agriculture has not been fully investigated. It is important to scientifically investigate this role but the existing instruments are not effective enough for this task. Therefore, this research responds to that deficiency by developing a measurement instrument that can investigate the role of information systems in addressing environmental performance with the aim of increasing agricultural sustainability.
Following scientific procedures, the research starts with an item creation process followed by scale development. An initial list of items was taken from the literature because it had been reviewed and verified by research and industry experts. These items were then processed through scale development to produce a scale consisting of 41 items with eight-constructs. During scale development, inter-rater agreement and the item placement ratio were used to evaluate the scale validity, which was then tested for external validity and reliability using a pilot study. This pilot study was also subject to Cronbach’s alpha, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of sample adequacy, and Bartlett’s test of sphericity as required.
The results suggested that the instrument development was valid and reliable. Thus, the final result of the research is an instrument with 41 items and 8 constructs. This work contributes to academic research by adding a measurement instrument that can be used in environmental management and information systems research. The instrument can also be used by industry practitioners to investigate the organizational relationship between information systems and environmental performance and thus achieve organizational sustainability.