Malnutrition in the elderly: a narrative review

Agarwal, E., Miller, M., Yaxley, A. and Isenring, E. (2013) Malnutrition in the elderly: a narrative review. Maturitas, 76 4: 296-302. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2013.07.013


Author Agarwal, E.
Miller, M.
Yaxley, A.
Isenring, E.
Title Malnutrition in the elderly: a narrative review
Journal name Maturitas   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-5122
1873-4111
Publication date 2013-12
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.maturitas.2013.07.013
Volume 76
Issue 4
Start page 296
End page 302
Total pages 7
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract The focus of nutrition is often on healthy diets and exercise to minimise the risk of developing lifestyle diseases such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, during the shift into older years often the nutrition priorities change towards meeting increased nutrient needs with less energy requirements, and minimising lean muscle loss. There are several causes of general malnutrition in the elderly that lead to depletion of muscle including starvation (protein-energy malnutrition), sarcopenia and cachexia. The prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition increases with age and the number of comorbidities. A range of simple and validated screening tools can be used to identify malnutrition in older adults, e.g. MST, MNA-SF and 'MUST'. Older adults should be screened for nutritional issues at diagnosis, on admission to hospitals or care homes and during follow up at outpatient or General Practitioner clinics, at regular intervals depending on clinical status. Early identification and treatment of nutrition problems can lead to improved outcomes and better quality of life.
Keyword Cachexia
Elderly
Nutritional management
Prevalence
Protein-energy malnutrition
Sarcopenia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 29 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 41 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 12 Aug 2013, 11:21:43 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences