Student nurses' perspectives of spirituality and spiritual care

Tiew, Lay Hwa, Creedy, Debra K. and Chan, Moon Fai (2013) Student nurses' perspectives of spirituality and spiritual care. Nurse Education Today, 33 6: 574-579. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.007


Author Tiew, Lay Hwa
Creedy, Debra K.
Chan, Moon Fai
Title Student nurses' perspectives of spirituality and spiritual care
Journal name Nurse Education Today   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0260-6917
1532-2793
Publication date 2013-06
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.007
Open Access Status
Volume 33
Issue 6
Start page 574
End page 579
Total pages 6
Place of publication Kidlington, OX, United Kingdom
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim
To investigate nursing students' perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care.

Background
Spirituality is an essential part of holistic care but often neglected in practice. Barriers to spiritual care include limited educational preparation, negative attitudes towards spirituality, confusion about nurses' role, perceptions of incompetence and avoidance of spiritual matters. There is limited knowledge about students' perspectives of spirituality and spiritual care. Previous studies have predominantly focused on educational approaches to enhance spirituality. The next generation of clinicians may have different worldviews, cultural beliefs and values about spirituality and spiritual care from current nurses. There is a need to understand students' views and how their spiritual development is shaped in order to inform pre-registration education.

Method
A cross-sectional survey of final-year students from three educational institutions in Singapore was conducted from April to August 2010. Data included demographic details and responses on a new composite tool, the Spiritual Care Giving Scale (SCGS).

Results
A response rate of 61.9% (n = 745 out of 1204) was achieved. The lowest mean score was item 9, “Without spirituality, a person is not considered whole”. Highest mean was item 2, “Spirituality is an important aspect of human being”. Factor 5 (Spiritual Care Values) had the lowest mean with Factor 2 (Spirituality Perspectives) the highest. Participants considered spirituality as essential to being human; developmental in nature; and vital for individuals' state of well-being. Attributes important for spiritual care were identified. Multivariate analyses showed positive association between participants' scores and institution but not with other variables.

Conclusion
Participating student nurses reported a high level of spiritual awareness that was not constrained by age. Students affirmed the importance of spiritual awareness in order to address the spiritual needs of patients. There was some congruence between the perceptions of students in this ethno-culturally diverse Asian sample and responses by students in the UK and North America on the personal attributes needed to provide spiritual care. Comparative studies using the SCGS could inform our understanding of spirituality and best pedagogical approaches to develop spiritual awareness across the curricula and in clinical practice.
Keyword Spirituality
Spiritual-care
Perceptions
Attitudes
Student-nurses
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 11 Aug 2013, 00:23:28 EST by System User on behalf of School of Psychology