This study attempts to fill a gap which is seen to exist in the field of housing design: an understanding of social requirements for the planning and design of spaces for social interaction. It is shown that the relationship between residents and their built environment is a highly complex, variable one, thus precluding any universally applicable, specific set of design criteria.
A method is proposed by which the nature of a society can be analysed for consideration in design. A model of man known as the 'open-system ' model is adopted which allows consideration of all relevant environmental influences - culture, social status and individual determination. A set of general social behaviour parameters is thus evolved, which is then translated into a pattern of corresponding spatial behaviour, de fined as social space.
Section Two shows how the conception of social space corresponds with real world situations. Example s of a wide range of situations are analysed to show the universal applicability of the social space model, and to enable translation of concepts extracted onto the realm of future design. Thus general principles of planning and design of communal space are evolved, taking in to account the principles of social interaction together with a brief examination of the means of creating physical environments congruent with these principles. Together they form a process which may be universally used to evaluate and design for social interact ion .
At the same time the inherent complexity of the design of communal space is recognized, especially with the progress ion from folk to modern urban society . Several points are therefore raised dealing with practical application of the social interaction parameters, and pointing toward further research in the field of study .