Prevalence of infestation with gastrointestinal nematodes in Pony Club horses in Victoria

Flanagan, K. L., Morton, J. M. and Sandeman, R. M. (2013) Prevalence of infestation with gastrointestinal nematodes in Pony Club horses in Victoria. Australian Veterinary Journal, 91 6: 241-245. doi:10.1111/avj.12052


Author Flanagan, K. L.
Morton, J. M.
Sandeman, R. M.
Title Prevalence of infestation with gastrointestinal nematodes in Pony Club horses in Victoria
Journal name Australian Veterinary Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0005-0423
1751-0813
Publication date 2013-06
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/avj.12052
Volume 91
Issue 6
Start page 241
End page 245
Total pages 5
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The aims of the present study were to identify the common gastrointestinal nematodes, to assess the prevalence of infestation with gastrointestinal nematodes, and to assess some potential indirect determinants of nematode parasitism in Victorian Pony Club horses.

Methods: A total of 106 horses from five Pony Clubs from outer Melbourne and Geelong, Victoria, Australia, were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Fresh faecal samples were collected and faecal egg counts (FECs) performed on site within 2h of collection. Potential determinants of the FEC were analysed using logistic and negative binomial regression.

Results: FECs ranged from 0 to 3750 eggs per gram (epg), with an average of 422 epg. Eggs were detected in the faeces of 52% of horses (55/106) and the average count was 813 epg. Counts were 500 epg or greater in 27% (29/106) of horses. Pony Club, season and sex of the horse were not associated with the FEC. Among horses treated with anthelmintics 8 weeks or less prior to sampling, FECs were commonly ≥50 epg, and high FECs were relatively common.

Conclusions: The results indicate that treatment efficacy is commonly low and/or rapid re-infection after treatment is common, and show that management practices for internal parasite control are often inadequate for preventing high FECs among Pony Club horses in Victoria.
Keyword Cyathostomins
Horses
Parasites
Strongyles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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