Preparation and characterization of green bio-composites based on modified spinifex resin and spinifex grass fibres

Mondal, Subrata, Memmott, Paul and Martin, Darren (2013) Preparation and characterization of green bio-composites based on modified spinifex resin and spinifex grass fibres. Journal of Composite Materials, . doi:10.1177/002199831486500

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Author Mondal, Subrata
Memmott, Paul
Martin, Darren
Title Preparation and characterization of green bio-composites based on modified spinifex resin and spinifex grass fibres
Journal name Journal of Composite Materials   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9983
1530-793X
Publication date 2013-05-21
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/002199831486500
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd.
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Many researchers are now working on composites systems where the fibers and polymers are either totally or predominantly based on renewable materials. The aim of this study is to develop renewable resource-based composites
based on spinifex fibers and a polyurethane matrix prepared primarily from spinifex resin. Chemically cleaned and cryoground spinifex grass fibres have been used as a reinforcing phase in thermoplastic polyurethane prepared from spinifex resin biopolymer. The morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of the prepared composites were characterized using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and tensile tests. The results obtained by various characterization techniques indicate that interfacial interaction between the spinifex grass fillers and the polyurethane matrix occurs and that the ground spinifex cellulose fillers act as promising reinforcement for the relatively weak polyurethane matrix synthesized from renewable spinifex plant resin products.
Keyword Biocomposite
Fiber
Spinifex grass
Spinifex resin
Mechanical properties
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Fri, 05 Jul 2013, 14:31:16 EST by Ms Shelley Templeman on behalf of School of Architecture