Perceived deterrents to being a plasmapheresis donor in a voluntary, nonremunerated environment

Bagot, Kathleen L., Bove, Liliana L., Masser, Barbara M., Bednall, Timothy C. and Buzza, Mark (2013) Perceived deterrents to being a plasmapheresis donor in a voluntary, nonremunerated environment. Transfusion, 53 5: 1108-1119. doi:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2012.03891.x


Author Bagot, Kathleen L.
Bove, Liliana L.
Masser, Barbara M.
Bednall, Timothy C.
Buzza, Mark
Title Perceived deterrents to being a plasmapheresis donor in a voluntary, nonremunerated environment
Journal name Transfusion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0041-1132
1537-2995
Publication date 2013-05
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2012.03891.x
Volume 53
Issue 5
Start page 1108
End page 1119
Total pages 12
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
BACKGROUND: As demand for plasma-derived products increases internationally, maintaining a committed plasmapheresis panel membership is critical for blood collection agencies. This study addresses the current lack of knowledge regarding deterrents to the recruitment and retention of plasmapheresis donors in a voluntary nonremunerated environment.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS
: Nine focus groups (n = 84) and six individual interviews were conducted using semistructured schedules. Three focus groups were conducted with each category of eligible whole blood (WB) donors: those who had 1) declined to convert to plasmapheresis (DTC), 2) converted but lapsed to WB (LWB), and 3) converted and lapsed from the panel completely (LFP). Transcript analysis revealed distinct deterrent categories.

RESULTS:
The time required for plasmapheresis was a universally identified deterrent, with concerns of donation frequency expectations shared between DTC and LWB. LWB and LFP both reported excessive questioning and paperwork, and eligibility requirements as deterrents. Unique deterrents for DTC were a lack of accurate knowledge about safety and process. LWB reported concerns about plasmapheresis donation outcomes; however, they were more committed to continuing donation than LFP, who reported donation not being salient, being too busy, and poorer donation experiences.

CONCLUSION:
Providing information to address safety and health concerns should be the focus for successful conversion to plasmapheresis. Setting donation frequency expectations at levels to which donors are accustomed may improve evaluations of the cost/benefit ratio of conversion and retention. Involvement levels (i.e., importance, personal meaning of donation) may be the key differentiator between those donors who return to WB and those that lapse altogether.
Keyword Health Behavior-Change
Whole Blood Donors
Vasovagal Reactions
Planned Behavior
Change Interventions
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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