The association of overweight and obesity with blood pressure among Chinese children and adolescents

Dong, Bin, Ma, Jun, Wang, Hai Jun and Wang, Zhi Qiang (2013) The association of overweight and obesity with blood pressure among Chinese children and adolescents. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 26 6: 437-444. doi:10.3967/0895-3988.2013.06.004


Author Dong, Bin
Ma, Jun
Wang, Hai Jun
Wang, Zhi Qiang
Title The association of overweight and obesity with blood pressure among Chinese children and adolescents
Journal name Biomedical and Environmental Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0895-3988
2214-0190
Publication date 2013-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3967/0895-3988.2013.06.004
Open Access Status
Volume 26
Issue 6
Start page 437
End page 444
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective To examine the association between obesity and high blood pressure (BP) in Chinese children and adolescents.

Methods Body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure measurements of 197 191 children aged 7-17 years were obtained from a Chinese national survey in 2010. Obesity and high BP were defined according to the reference values for Chinese children. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of different BMI categories for high BP, as well as the population attributable risk percent (PAR%), were also calculated.

Results
The prevalence of high BP was 16.1% for boys and 12.9% for girls in 2010. Overweight and obese children had a significantly higher prevalence of high BP than non-overweight children in both boys and girls in each age group. ORs (95% CI) for high BP were 4.1 (3.9, 4.4) in obese boys and 4.0 (3.7, 4.3) in obese girls. The overall PAR% for high BP due to overweight and obesity was 14.4%.

Conclusion Overweight and obese children have a significantly higher risk of high BP than non-overweight children. Eliminating overweight and obesity could reduce 14.4% of high BP cases.
Keyword Children
Adolescents
High blood pressure
Obesity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 13 Jun 2013, 15:09:05 EST by Zhiqiang Wang on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital