Addressing physical inactivity in Omani adults: perceptions of public health managers

Mabry, Ruth M., Al-Busaidi, Zakiya Q., Reeves, Marina M., Owen, Neville and Eakin, Elizabeth G. (2014) Addressing physical inactivity in Omani adults: perceptions of public health managers. Public Health Nutrition, 17 3: 674-681. doi:10.1017/S1368980012005678

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Author Mabry, Ruth M.
Al-Busaidi, Zakiya Q.
Reeves, Marina M.
Owen, Neville
Eakin, Elizabeth G.
Title Addressing physical inactivity in Omani adults: perceptions of public health managers
Journal name Public Health Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1368-9800
Publication date 2014-03
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1368980012005678
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 17
Issue 3
Start page 674
End page 681
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To explore barriers and solutions to addressing physical inactivity and prolonged sitting in the adult population of Oman.

Design: Qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews that took place from October 2011 to January 2012. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling. Data collection and analysis was an iterative process; later interviews explored emerging themes. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed and continued until data saturation; this occurred by the tenth interviewee. Thematic content analysis was carried out, guided by an ecological model of health behaviour.

Setting: Muscat, Oman.

Subjects: Ten mid-level public health managers.

Results: Barriers for physical inactivity were grouped around four themes: (i) intrapersonal (lack of motivation, awareness and time); (ii) social (norms restricting women’s participation in outdoor activity, low value of physical activity); (iii) environment (lack of places to be active, weather); and (iv) policy (ineffective health communication, limited resources). Solutions focused on culturally sensitive interventions at the environment (building sidewalks and exercise facilities) and policy levels (strengthening existing interventions and coordinating actions with relevant sectors). Participants’ responses regarding sitting time were similar to, but much more limited than those related to physical inactivity, except for community participation and voluntarism, which were given greater emphasis as possible solutions to reduce sitting time.

Conclusions: Given the increasing prevalence of chronic disease in Oman and the Arabian Gulf, urgent action is required to implement gender-relevant public health policies and programmes to address physical inactivity, a key modiļ¬able risk factor. Additionally, research on the determinants of physical inactivity and prolonged sitting time is required to guide policy makers.
Keyword Physical activity
Sedentary behaviour
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 4 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 13 Jun 2013, 14:18:22 EST by Marina Reeves on behalf of School of Public Health