How did we arrive at burden of disease estimates for mental and illicit drug use disorders in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010?

Whiteford, Harvey A., Ferrari, Alize J., Baxter, Amanda J., Charlson, Fiona J. and Degenhardt, Louisa (2013) How did we arrive at burden of disease estimates for mental and illicit drug use disorders in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010?. Current Opinion In Psychiatry, 26 4: 376-383. doi:10.1097/YCO.0b013e328361e60f


Author Whiteford, Harvey A.
Ferrari, Alize J.
Baxter, Amanda J.
Charlson, Fiona J.
Degenhardt, Louisa
Title How did we arrive at burden of disease estimates for mental and illicit drug use disorders in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010?
Journal name Current Opinion In Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0951-7367
1473-6578
Publication date 2013-05-22
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1097/YCO.0b013e328361e60f
Volume 26
Issue 4
Start page 376
End page 383
Total pages 8
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose of review: The Global Burden of Disease study 2010 (GBD 2010) estimated regional and global burden of 291 diseases and 67 risk factors. Here, we provide an overview of the methodological approach taken to this work, as well as the challenges and limitations encountered in deriving the burden of mental and drug use disorders.

Recent findings:
GBD 2010 estimated the burden of 11 mental disorders and four drug use disorders for 21 regions. This involved a systematic literature search for epidemiological data; setting lay case definitions; synthesizing available epidemiological data into an internally consistent disease model; and quantifying the associated disability and health outcomes, to derive region, sex, year and age-specific burden estimates. Notable challenges included the difficulty in deriving culturally comparable case definitions for mental and drug use disorders, the paucity of epidemiological data and the difficulty in capturing disability associated with mental and drug use disorders.

Summary: GBD 2010 findings demonstrated the major public health importance of mental and drug use disorders. The methodology used to estimate burden was more sophisticated than previous GBD studies, with some restrictions required in order to achieve defensible numerical measures of burden for mental and drug use disorders.
Keyword Disability
Drug use disorders
Epidemiology
Global burden of disease
Mental disorders
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 12 Jun 2013, 11:02:12 EST by Dr Anna D MacDonald (nee Holmes) on behalf of School of Public Health