Evolution of the turbulent/non-turbulent interface of an axisymmetric turbulent jet

Khashehchi, M., Ooi, A., Soria, J. and Marusic, I. (2013) Evolution of the turbulent/non-turbulent interface of an axisymmetric turbulent jet. Experiments in Fluids, 54 1: 1449.1-1449.12. doi:10.1007/s00348-012-1449-3

Author Khashehchi, M.
Ooi, A.
Soria, J.
Marusic, I.
Title Evolution of the turbulent/non-turbulent interface of an axisymmetric turbulent jet
Journal name Experiments in Fluids   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0723-4864
Publication date 2013-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00348-012-1449-3
Volume 54
Issue 1
Start page 1449.1
End page 1449.12
Total pages 12
Place of publication Germany
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Measurements of a turbulent round air jet, using particle image velocimetry, were made to investigate the dynamics and transport processes at the continuous bounding interface between the turbulent and non-turbulent regions (T/NT) of the jet flow. The Reynolds number of the jet was in the range Red = 3,000–6,500 based on jet diameter with measurements taken between 0 and 40 jet diameters from the jet nozzle exit, which covers the developing and self-similar region of the jet. A velocity thresholding technique was used to define the T/NT interface. The results based on this methodology were found to agree well with previously published results (Westerweel et al. in Phys Rev Lett 95:174501, 2005; Westerweel et al. in J Fluid Mech 631:199–230, 2009; and Anand and Boersma in Exp Fluids 47:995–1007, 2009). The evolution of the turbulence characteristics at the interface was investigated using conditionally averaged axial velocity, azimuthal vorticity, turbulent intensity, and Reynolds shear stress. A distinct change in behavior is observed between the near-field region, 0 ≤ x/d ≤ 8, and the far-field, self-similar region, x/d > 20. Profiles of the conditional mean axial velocity demonstrate no clear jump in the conditional mean axial velocity at the interface for x/d < 8. However, the emergence of the jump is observed at x/d ≈ 8, and the magnitude of the jump continues to increase between 8 < x/d < 20 before reaching a steady value in the self-similar region, x/d > 20. All the scaled statistics show self-similar behavior downstream of x/d > 20. Similar behavior is observed for the peak in the azimuthal vorticity and the jump in the Reynolds shear stress profiles. The evolution of the rate of entrainment also confirms the creation and growth of the jump in the mean conditional velocity profiles in the developing region of the jet.
Keyword Entrainment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
Official 2014 Collection
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 8 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 09 Jun 2013, 00:26:23 EST by System User on behalf of School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering