Relationship between personality scales of impulsiveness and discounting of monetary gains and losses in smokers and never smokers

Takahashi, Taiki, Oono, Hidemi, Ohmura, Yu, Kitamura, Nozomi and Radford, Mark (2009). Relationship between personality scales of impulsiveness and discounting of monetary gains and losses in smokers and never smokers. In Lyman J. Katlin (Ed.), Men and Addictions: New Research (pp. 59-72) New York United States: Nova Science Publishers.

Author Takahashi, Taiki
Oono, Hidemi
Ohmura, Yu
Kitamura, Nozomi
Radford, Mark
Title of chapter Relationship between personality scales of impulsiveness and discounting of monetary gains and losses in smokers and never smokers
Title of book Men and Addictions: New Research
Place of Publication New York United States
Publisher Nova Science Publishers
Publication Year 2009
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Open Access Status
Series Substance abuse assessment, interventions and treatment series
ISBN 978-1-60692-098-5
161324438X
Editor Lyman J. Katlin
Chapter number 3
Start page 59
End page 72
Total pages 14
Total chapters 10
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Personality scales of impulsiveness have been associated with discounting behavior. It has also been shown that nicotine has an effect on the performance of various tasks measuring impulsivity. This study has two main objectives: (1) to determine the relationship between the impulsive personality and the degrees to which delayed and uncertain monetary gains and losses are discounted, and (2) to examine whether the relationship between the impulsive personality and the four types of discounting differ between smokers and never smokers. 31 current smokers and 32 never smokers participated in this experiment. They were required to choose between immediate and delayed monetary gains (and losses), or between guaranteed and probabilistic rewards (or losses). Following completion of this task, they completed two personality questionnaires - Barratte's Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and the Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS). Several BIS and SSS subscales were positively correlated with the degrees of discounting for delayed monetary gains and losses, but negatively correlated with uncertain monetary gains. Moreover, when dividing participants by smoking status, we found differences between smokers and never smokers in the correlation pattern between impulsive personality and the four types of discounting. Neuro-psychological bases of impulsive behavior, such as discounting behavior, may differ between smokers and never smokers.
Keyword Sensation seeking
Cigarette smokers
Ventral striatum
Chronic nicotine
Delayed rewards
Smoking
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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