The nature of visual self-recognition

Suddendorf, Thomas and Butler, David L. (2013) The nature of visual self-recognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 17 3: 121-127. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2013.01.004

Author Suddendorf, Thomas
Butler, David L.
Title The nature of visual self-recognition
Journal name Trends in Cognitive Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1364-6613
Publication date 2013-03
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.tics.2013.01.004
Volume 17
Issue 3
Start page 121
End page 127
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier Trends Journals
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Visual self-recognition is often controversially cited as an indicator of self-awareness and assessed with the mirror-mark test. Great apes and humans, unlike small apes and monkeys, have repeatedly passed mirror tests, suggesting that the underlying brain processes are homologous and evolved 14-18 million years ago. However, neuroscientific, developmental, and clinical dissociations show that the medium used for self-recognition (mirror vs photograph vs video) significantly alters behavioral and brain responses, likely due to perceptual differences among the different media and prior experience. On the basis of this evidence and evolutionary considerations, we argue that the visual self-recognition skills evident in humans and great apes are a byproduct of a general capacity to collate representations, and need not index other aspects of self-awareness.
Keyword Self-awareness
Phylogenetic reconstruction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 30 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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