Risk of pneumonia in relation to body mass index in Australian Aboriginal people

Phung, D. T. and Wang, Z. (2013) Risk of pneumonia in relation to body mass index in Australian Aboriginal people. Epidemiology and Infection, 14 12: 2497-2502. doi:10.1017/S0950268813000605

Author Phung, D. T.
Wang, Z.
Title Risk of pneumonia in relation to body mass index in Australian Aboriginal people
Journal name Epidemiology and Infection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0950-2688
Publication date 2013-03-18
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0950268813000605
Volume 14
Issue 12
Start page 2497
End page 2502
Total pages 6
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of pneumonia in Aboriginal Australians. A total of 677 adults aged 20–60 years were followed up from the baseline examination during 1992–1995 to June 2012. The pneumonia events were identified through hospital records. Pneumonia incident rates were calculated according to BMI groups. Hazard ratios were computed using Cox regression adjusting for age, smoking and alcohol consumption status. The incident rate of pneumonia was 13·3/1000 person-years, and this rate was significantly higher in females than males (hazard ratio=1·5). Compared to males with normal BMI (18·5–24·9 kg/m2), the adjusted hazard ratio was 3·5 for males with lowest BMI (P<0·01). Low BMI was significantly associated with a higher risk of hospitalized pneumonia for Aboriginal males. However, the U-shaped trend of this association indicates that the risk of pneumonia is likely to be associated with both low and high BMI.
Keyword Aboriginal people
Body mass index
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 15 Apr 2013, 15:29:11 EST by Zhiqiang Wang on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital