Ostling, Michael (2013). Witchcraft in Poland: milk and malefice. In Brian P. Levack (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America (pp. 318-333) Oxford United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199578160.013.0019
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This article discusses the history of witchcraft in Poland. There were at least 867 known witch-trials and at least 558 accused witches in the Polish Crown between 1511 until the abolition of witchcraft as a capital crime in 1776. Given the preliminary state of scholarship on Polish witch-trials, and the poor state of the Polish archives – nearly 80 per cent of the records of the Central Archives of Old Records were deliberately burnt by the Nazis in the dying days of the Second World War – these numbers must be treated as minimum figures only.