Stereotypical and counterstereotypical defandants: who is he and what was the case against her?

McKimmie, Blake M., Masters, Jane M., Masser, Barbara M., Schuller, Regina A. and Terry, Deborah J. (2013) Stereotypical and counterstereotypical defandants: who is he and what was the case against her?. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 19 3: 343-354. doi:10.1037/a0030505

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Author McKimmie, Blake M.
Masters, Jane M.
Masser, Barbara M.
Schuller, Regina A.
Terry, Deborah J.
Title Stereotypical and counterstereotypical defandants: who is he and what was the case against her?
Journal name Psychology, Public Policy, and Law   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1076-8971
Publication date 2013-08
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/a0030505
Open Access Status
Volume 19
Issue 3
Start page 343
End page 354
Total pages 12
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Three studies investigated the effects of stereotype congruence on juror decision making by focusing on
how defendant gender affects the way in which jurors attend to aspects of the case. Due to the female
defendant’s incongruence with offender stereotypes, mock jurors may direct greater attention to encoding
features of the defendant at the expense of carefully considering the evidence. Study 1 (= 101) found
that mock jurors took into account the strength of the evidence against male (stereotypical), but not
female (counterstereotypical) defendants. Consistent with this, Study 2 (N = 144) demonstrated that
mock jurors were less able to recall facts of the case, but better able to recall details of the defendant,
when the defendant was female rather than male. The third and final study (N = 113) found that
participants spent longer looking at a female defendant than they did looking at a male defendant in a
video simulation of a mock trial. Results are discussed in light of the encoding-flexibility explanation of
the influence of stereotypes.
Keyword Stereotypes
Jury decision making
Defendant gender
Evidence strength
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Online First Publication, November 12, 2012

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 6 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 12 Apr 2013, 16:05:37 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology