Economic analysis of interventions to improve village chicken production in Myanmar

Henning, J., Morton, J., Pym, R., Hla, T., Sunn, K. and Meers, J. (2013) Economic analysis of interventions to improve village chicken production in Myanmar. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 110 3-4: 525-540. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2013.01.005

Author Henning, J.
Morton, J.
Pym, R.
Hla, T.
Sunn, K.
Meers, J.
Title Economic analysis of interventions to improve village chicken production in Myanmar
Journal name Preventive Veterinary Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-5877
Publication date 2013-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2013.01.005
Volume 110
Issue 3-4
Start page 525
End page 540
Total pages 16
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
A cost-benefit analysis using deterministic and stochastic modelling was conducted to identify the net benefits for households that adopt (1) vaccination of individual birds against Newcastle disease (ND) or (2) improved management of chick rearing by providing coops for the protection of chicks from predation and chick starter feed inside a creep feeder to support chicks' nutrition in village chicken flocks in Myanmar. Partial budgeting was used to assess the additional costs and benefits associated with each of the two interventions tested relative to neither strategy. In the deterministic model, over the first 3 years after the introduction of the interventions, the cumulative sum of the net differences from neither strategy was 13,189. Kyat for ND vaccination and 77,645. Kyat for improved chick management (effective exchange rate in 2005: 1000. Kyat = 1$US). Both interventions were also profitable after discounting over a 10-year period; Net Present Values for ND vaccination and improved chick management were 30,791 and 167,825. Kyat, respectively. The Benefit-Cost Ratio for ND vaccination was very high (28.8). This was lower for improved chick management, due to greater costs of the intervention, but still favourable at 4.7. Using both interventions concurrently yielded a Net Present Value of 470,543. Kyat and a Benefit-Cost Ratio of 11.2 over the 10-year period in the deterministic model. Using the stochastic model, for the first 3 years following the introduction of the interventions, the mean cumulative sums of the net difference were similar to those values obtained from the deterministic model. Sensitivity analysis indicated that the cumulative net differences were strongly influenced by grower bird sale income, particularly under improved chick management. The effects of the strategies on odds of households selling and consuming birds after 7 months, and numbers of birds being sold or consumed after this period also influenced profitability. Cost variations for equipment used under improved chick management were not markedly associated with profitability. Net Present Values and Benefit-Cost Ratios discounted over a 10-year period were also similar to the deterministic model when mean values obtained through stochastic modelling were used. In summary, the study showed that ND vaccination and improved chick management can improve the viability and profitability of village chicken production in Myanmar.
Keyword Chick management
Cost-benefit analysis
Newcastle disease vaccination
Partial budgeting
Village chickens
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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Created: Thu, 11 Apr 2013, 17:22:00 EST by Joerg Henning on behalf of School of Veterinary Science