This thesis aims to explore the Regionalism architectural movement experienced in the Sultanate of Oman in the last three decades. Through field investigations and analysis of legislative governmental building codes the dissertation explores the reasons and forces that established this architectural trend, and the factors that maintained it to present day, 2007. The thesis also presents the architectural consequences caused by the rapid transformation in the Omani built environment, which resulted from the intensive modernisation programs underpinned by the Omani Renaissance in 1970, when oil was discovered in large quantities. The role of the State, thereafter, in generating and constructing a national identity is examined.
Through literature analysis, this thesis evaluates the theoretical architectural defects in many buildings in Muscat which have been caused by adopting Regionalism as an architectural trend. The author attempts to present the basic knowledge and the necessary associated theories needed to mediate the paradox between localism and internationalism experienced in Oman. It is proposed that a successful mediation could reveal a possible resolution for ‘modern’ architecture that acknowledges the essence of the place and its inherited historical and cultural values without conflicting with globalization, or committing to complete adherence to traditionalism.