Effectiveness of Australia's Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (R): maintenance of self-reported anthropometric and behavioural changes after program completion

O'Hara, Blythe J., Phongsavan, Philayrath, Eakin, Elizabeth G., Develin, Elizabeth, Smith, Joanne, Greenaway, Mark and Bauman, Adrian E. (2013) Effectiveness of Australia's Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (R): maintenance of self-reported anthropometric and behavioural changes after program completion. BMC Public Health, 13 1: 175.1-175.14. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-175


Author O'Hara, Blythe J.
Phongsavan, Philayrath
Eakin, Elizabeth G.
Develin, Elizabeth
Smith, Joanne
Greenaway, Mark
Bauman, Adrian E.
Title Effectiveness of Australia's Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (R): maintenance of self-reported anthropometric and behavioural changes after program completion
Journal name BMC Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication date 2013-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-13-175
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 13
Issue 1
Start page 175.1
End page 175.14
Total pages 14
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service® (GHS) is a population-wide telephone-based program aimed at assisting adults to implement lifestyle improvements. It is a relatively uncommon example of the translation of efficacious trials to up-scaled real-world application. GHS participants who completed the 6-month coaching program made significant initial improvements to their weight, waist circumference, Body Mass Index (BMI), physical activity and nutrition behaviours. This study examines the maintenance of anthropometric and behaviour change improvements 6-months after program completion.

Methods: GHS coaching participants (n=1088) were recruited between February 2009 and June 2011. Participants were eligible if they completed the 6-month coaching program and had available data at 12-month follow-up (n=277). Weight, waist circumference, BMI, fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity were collected at baseline and 6-months by GHS coaches and 12-months (6-months post program) by independent evaluators. Matched pair t-tests, mixed linear regression and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess maintenance of program effects.

Results: Improvements in weight (-2.9 kg, 95% CI: -3.6, -2.1), waist circumference (-5.4 cm, 95% CI: -6.7, -4.1), BMI (-1.1units, 95% CI: -1.5, -0.8), and fruit (+0.3 serves per day, 95% CI: 0.2, 0.3) and vegetable (+0.5 serves per day 95% CI: 0.3, 0.6) consumption were observed from baseline to 12-months. Apart from vegetable consumption, there were no significant differences between 6-month and 12-month changes from baseline, indicating these risk factor improvements were maintained from the end of the coaching program. There were also improvements in the proportion of participants undertaking recommended levels of physical activity from baseline to 12-months (increase of 5.2%), however the improvements made at end of the coaching program were not maintained at the 6-month follow up.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that the GHS has potential to contribute to substantial improvements in the chronic disease risk factor profile of program completers and facilitates sustained maintenance six months after completing the coaching program.
Keyword Lifestyle improvements
Maintenance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article number 175

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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