Views of addiction neuroscientists and clinicians on the clinical impact of a ‘Brain Disease Model of Addiction’

Bell, Stephanie, Carter, Adrian, Mathews, Rebecca, Gartner, Coral, Lucke, Jayne and Hall, Wayne (2014) Views of addiction neuroscientists and clinicians on the clinical impact of a ‘Brain Disease Model of Addiction’. Neuroethics, 7 1: 19-27. doi:10.1007/s12152-013-9177-9

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Author Bell, Stephanie
Carter, Adrian
Mathews, Rebecca
Gartner, Coral
Lucke, Jayne
Hall, Wayne
Title Views of addiction neuroscientists and clinicians on the clinical impact of a ‘Brain Disease Model of Addiction’
Journal name Neuroethics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1874-5490
Publication date 2014-05
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s12152-013-9177-9
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 7
Issue 1
Start page 19
End page 27
Total pages 10
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Addiction is increasingly described as a "chronic and relapsing brain disease". The potential impact of the brain disease model on the treatment of addiction or addicted individuals' treatment behaviour remains uncertain. We conducted a qualitative study to examine: (i) the extent to which leading Australian addiction neuroscientists and clinicians accept the brain disease view of addiction; and (ii) their views on the likely impacts of this view on addicted individuals' beliefs and behaviour. Thirty-one Australian addiction neuroscientists and clinicians (10 females and 21 males; 16 with clinical experience and 15 with no clinical experience) took part in 1 h semi-structured interviews. Most addiction neuroscientists and clinicians did not uncritically support the use of brain disease model of addiction. Most were cautious about the potential for adverse impacts on individuals' recovery and motivation to enter treatment. While some recognised the possibility that the brain disease model of addiction may provide a rationale for addicted persons to seek treatment and motivate behaviour change, Australian addiction neuroscientist and clinicians do not assume that messages about "diseased brains" will always lead to increased treatment-seeking and reduced drug use. Research is needed on how neuroscience research could be used in ways that optimise positive outcomes for addicted persons.
Keyword Addiction
Brain disease
Qualitative research
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Official 2014 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 8 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 05 Apr 2013, 11:07:21 EST by Mr Adrian Carter on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research