Numerical 3D FEM and experimental analysis of the open-ended coaxial line technique for microwave dielectric spectroscopy on soil

Wagner, Norman, Schwing, Moritz and Scheuermann, Alexander (2014) Numerical 3D FEM and experimental analysis of the open-ended coaxial line technique for microwave dielectric spectroscopy on soil. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 52 2: 880-893. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2245138


Author Wagner, Norman
Schwing, Moritz
Scheuermann, Alexander
Title Numerical 3D FEM and experimental analysis of the open-ended coaxial line technique for microwave dielectric spectroscopy on soil
Journal name IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0196-2892
1558-0644
Publication date 2014-02
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2245138
Open Access Status
Volume 52
Issue 2
Start page 880
End page 893
Total pages 14
Place of publication Piscataway, NJ, United States
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Open-ended coaxial line probes (OCs) are systematically analyzed by means of numerical 3-D finite element calculations in combination with experimental investigations for microwave dielectric spectroscopy on fine grained soils. The probes, based on conventional coaxial lines and connectors (N, SMA), are broadband characterized in the frequency range from 1 MHz to 10 GHz. The sensitive region for dielectric measurements is ±7-mm lateral and 7-mm perpendicular to the midpoint of the sensor aperture. The spatial spreading of the sensitive zone is stable for the investigated low-loss and high-loss strongly dispersive standard liquids, as well as the saturated and unsaturated soils. Dielectric spectra are determined based on a bilinear relationship between effective permittivity and complex reflection coefficient of the probe after probe-calibration with known standards. The mean relative error of the real part of the complex permittivity from 100 MHz to 10 GHz is smaller than 3.5% and is less than 10% for the imaginary part. A lower limit of the measurement range of 50 MHz with the used procedure and materials is suggested. Complex effective permittivity of saturated fine-grained soils is determined with the developed probes and procedure. The soil dielectric spectra were analyzed with a broadband relaxation model, as well as a novel, coupled hydraulic-dielectric mixture approach. The results demonstrate the suitability of the investigated OCs for the determination of high resolution soil dielectric spectra.
Keyword 3-D electromagnetic field calculation
Dielectric spectroscopy
Open-ended soil moisture sensor
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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Created: Wed, 03 Apr 2013, 19:54:18 EST by Dr Alexander Scheuermann on behalf of School of Civil Engineering