Activation of self-focus and self-presentation traits under private, mixed, and public pressure

Geukes, Katharina, Mesagno, Christopher, Hanrahan, Stephanie J. and Kellmann, Michael (2013) Activation of self-focus and self-presentation traits under private, mixed, and public pressure. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35 1: 50-59.

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Author Geukes, Katharina
Mesagno, Christopher
Hanrahan, Stephanie J.
Kellmann, Michael
Title Activation of self-focus and self-presentation traits under private, mixed, and public pressure
Journal name Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0895-2779
1543-2904
Publication date 2013-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 35
Issue 1
Start page 50
End page 59
Total pages 10
Place of publication Champaign, IL, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Trait activation theorists suggest that situational demands activate traits in (pressure) situations. In a comparison of situational demands of private (monetary incentive, cover story), mixed (monetary incentive, small audience), and public (large audience, video taping) high-pressure situations, we hypothesized that situational demands of private and mixed high-pressure conditions would activate self-focus traits and those of a public high-pressure condition would activate self-presentation traits. Female handball players (N = 120) completed personality questionnaires and then performed a throwing task in a low-pressure condition and one of three high-pressure conditions (n = 40). Increased anxiety levels from low to high pressure indicated successful pressure manipulations. A self-focus trait negatively predicted performance in private and mixed high-pressure conditions, and self-presentation traits positively predicted performance in the public high-pressure condition. Thus, pressure situations differed in their trait-activating situational demands. Experimental research investigating the trait-performance relationship should therefore use simulations of real competitions over laboratory-based scenarios.
Keyword Choking under pressure
Narcissism
Performance
Person-situation interaction
Self-consciousness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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